Fez, the representative of Moroccan history
Morocco, the second most popular destination on the African continent, is one of the most popular tourist destinations for French and Spanish tourists, as well as the British. With more than 10 million visitors per year, the Kingdom of Morocco is indeed a victim of its own success, with mass tourism developing increasingly each year.
With its geographical proximity to France and Spain, much appreciated by French travelers for many years for its unique climate and low cost of living, Morocco is not just a trendy, affordable tourist destination. It is in fact a country that completely deserves its ranking among the best vacation destinations.
Morocco's largest cities have an extraordinarily rich history, a history that attracts and seduces many generations, and a cosmopolitan life that fascinates and attracts more and more tourists. Often referred to as the cultural capital of Morocco, the city of Fez seduces tourists with its architectural, historical and intellectual heritage. In 1980, the city received the approval and the rank of world heritage from UNESCO, proving the strength and dynamism of this city to preserve its origin and authenticity.
Fez is the cultural capital of Morocco. It is one of the most visited cities in Morocco. Located in the northeast of the country, it is an emblematic city that draws all tourists who visit the country. Beauty, elegance, simplicity: this is how to describe the imperial pearl of Morocco, the city of Fez.
With its Merinid and medieval architecture, Fez has a unique and very special charm. It is the Imperial, guardian of thirteen centuries of history of the Kingdom of Morocco. Fez is blessed with a prestigious heritage and reserves surprising discoveries.
Cross the walls of the famous medina of Fez, classified by UNESCO as an outstanding universal wealth. Walk through the streets of Fez-El-Bali. The Bab Boujloud gate is the most convenient way to reach the medina.
Fez is a city in northern Morocco, located 180 km east of Rabat, between the Rif Mountains and the Middle Atlas. One of the oldest imperial cities in Morocco, it has been the country's capital on multiple occasions and is currently considered its spiritual capital. Its emergence goes back to the end of the seventh century, during the reign of Moulay Idriss the 1st. Its prestigious past made it one of the main centers of Islamic civilization, linked to Baghdad, Damascus, Cordoba, Cairo, Kairouan, Granada, Palermo, Isfahan and Samarkand, with which it had established economic, social and cultural interactions.
In fact, its history goes back to several centuries, and its glorious story has given rise to multiple interests which, over the years of growth, conflicts and international exchanges, have contributed to create a particularly lively city which preserves to this day, the memories of a past where Fez was the cultural capital of Morocco, the economic capital, the religious capital... in short, the pearl of Morocco. It is through Fez that Morocco began to make itself known and shine at the international level.
It covers three sectors: the old city, called medina, classified as a world heritage site by UNESCO, the royal enclosure and the new districts, established by the French, which have spread today in the area of the plain.
Travel through the history of the imperial city of Morocco: Fez
As you may have guessed, a trip to Fez is above all a journey into history and the past, to encounter the memories of a radiant and revolutionary era whose imprints are noticeable in every corner of the city. Whether in the medina, in the new contemporary parts of the city, born at the time of the French colonies, or in the royal enclosure, Fez displays an authenticity and a cultural richness through its picturesque architecture. It defines the style of the city as soon as you set foot in Morocco. Authentic, rich, varied, atypical, ancestral and sumptuous, the Moroccan architecture is an invitation to adventure. Its simple sight makes us travel in another time and in the Berber and Moroccan culture, because it creates an atmosphere of breakaway.
Westernization generated by tourism has certainly changed the picturesque charm of some markets and souks, but the soul of the kingdom remains intact.
To visit Fez, whether you are an art lover or just a simple tourist, is to take a plunge into the past: wandering through the winding streets of the medina, getting lost in the souks, admiring the details of the Karaouiyne mosque, walking along the fortifications of the city... So many discoveries that will fascinate you.
Fez, as the first imperial city of the country, is a mandatory part of a trip to Morocco.
Various names have been given to the city of Fez, including the Athens of Africa, the Queen of the Maghreb and the Baghdad of the Maghreb.
Al-Karaouine University: the oldest university in the world
Do not forget the following: the oldest university in the world is not Oxford or the Sorbonne, it is the University of Al-Karaouine in Fez el Bali. This historic walled city will take you back in time to the Middle Ages. To discover the culture of this magnificent city, use the services of VotreChauffeur.ma to drive around the city without having to resort to cabs that charge exorbitant prices to tourists, to go from one site to another on foot and wander the old quarters of the Medina, full of labyrinths in Fez el Bali and the four majestic Gates of Fez, with their mosaics typically Moroccan
Al Karaouine is a university located in the heart of the medina of Fez. According to legend, its construction began in 859, during the reign of the Idrisides dynasty. It is considered the oldest university in the world still in operation by UNESCO, the Guinness Book of Records and by several historians.
The must visit of the medina of Fez
Want to discover the city of Fez? There are many ways to do so. Cradles of knowledge, its superb medersas are the flamboyant symbol of it.
Located inside the medina, the entrance to the Bab Boujloud district is through its huge 1913 door, decorated with blue and green tiles, highlighting the colors of the city.
Inside this neighborhood, visitors can enjoy the Bar Batah Museum, which showcases the arts and traditions of the city.
This museum is located in the palace of the same name, built during the nineteenth century.
The Koranic school, medersa Bou Inania, reveals an architecture rich in various ornaments.
Built in the middle of the 14th century, this school is part of the revitalization process of the city initiated by the Merinids dynasty.
Tourists can also stroll along Talaa Kebira Avenue, one of the longest in the city, filled with stores and businesses.
Among the corners that one must visit at all costs during a stay in Fez, we list:
- Bab Boujloud: The most famous door of the Medina, giving direct access to the souk, Bab Boujloud is the witness of a past history and is located a few steps away from the Jnan Sbil park, a flowery stop bordered by a stream.
- Al Karaouine University: It is the oldest university in the world still in activity. Its emerald-colored roofs, carved wooden panels and fine carpets make it a heritage jewel not to be missed.
- Attarine Medersa: Located near the university and the spice market, this former Koranic school, designed to accommodate 60 students, is known for its carved wood and its zelliges, very colorful Moroccan tiles.
- Borj Nord: Formerly a Saadian fortress, now a museum of arms, the monument is especially worth seeing for the unobstructed view it offers of the city.
- El Mokri Palace: This palace, built around 1906 by the son of the grand vizier and pasha of Casablanca, has up to 22,000 square meters, including 20,000 square meters of gardens. It contains many works of art and is occasionally used as a film location for major movies.
- The leather tanneries: The tanneries of the city of Fez operate in the open air during the whole year in order to provide the famous and renowned leather of Fez. Several large vats where rustic fassis are busy treading these skins of sheep, camels and lambs. After the various Eid celebrations in Morocco, a considerable number of animal skins dry on the terraces of the medina. All these skins are destined to be treated in one of the 3 tanneries of Fez, but the "Chouara" allows a 360° view on the workers who prepare the skins.
- The Merinid Tombs: A group of monumental ruined tombs located on a hill above and north of Fez al-Bali, the old city of Fez, Morocco. It was originally a royal necropolis of the Marinid dynasty that ruled Morocco from the 13th to the 15th century.
- The Nejjarine Museum: The Museum of Wooden Arts and Crafts, a former trading post built in 1711 during the reign of Sultan Moulay Ismail, and now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It has been marvelously renovated to accommodate fine wooden pieces such as daily life supplies, carpentry tools, musical instruments, weapons as well as religious pieces like rosaries. From its terrace, you can enjoy a beautiful view of Fez and the nearby hills. You can also see the site of the Merinid tombs.
- The Moulay Yaacoub thermal baths: With more than one million visitors per year, the Moulay Yaacoub thermal baths are known worldwide for the quality of their medicinal and therapeutic waters. Famous for the benefits of the waters of its sulfurous spring that emerge from a depth of 1500 meters at 52 ° C, the hot waters of Moulay Yaacoub can relieve rheumatism, nose and throat ailments, skin diseases, infections ...
Fez is a city with a unique and timeless beauty that attracts many tourists from all over the world regardless of the season. However, to admire the city at its best, it is highly recommended to travel between April and June or between September and October to take full advantage of the sun while escaping the scorching temperatures of the summer.
How to benefit from a private driver in Fez?
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A charming city in the north-east of Morocco, Fez has always been considered, since its birth in 789, as one of the most symbolic cities of the country. For this reason, it attracts many travelers with a huge flow of visitors every year. Taking into account the rate of visits that the city receives, VotreChauffeur.ma is the ultimate way to get around comfortably and safely by hiring a private driver in Fez.